Simplifying Response to Intervention

Four Essential Guiding Principles

The sequel to Pyramid Response to Intervention advocates that a successful RTI model begins by asking the right questions to create a fundamentally effective learning environment for every student. RTI is not a series of implementation steps, but rather a way of thinking. Understand why bureaucratic, paperwork-heavy, compliance-oriented, test-score-driven approaches fail. Then, learn how to create a focused RTI model that works.


  • Use the four guiding principles to guide thinking and implementation.
  • Shift to a culture of collective responsibility, and build team structures for collaboration.
  • Define essential learnings in a program of concentrated instruction.
  • Develop a system of convergent assessment to identify students for intervention, determine their unique needs, monitor their progress, and revise or extend learning based on their progress.


Preface: A Sense of Urgency
Chapter 1: A New Way of Thinking
Chapter 2: Collective Responsibility: Why Are We Here?
Chapter 3: Building Structures for Collaboration
Chapter 4: Concentrated Instruction: Where Do We Need to Go?
Chapter 5: Convergent Assessment: Where Are We Now?
Chapter 6: Creating a System of Interventions
Chapter 7: Certain Access: How Do We Get Every Child There?
Epilogue: A New Vision of Special Education


Chapter 2

Chapter 3

Chapter 4

Chapter 5

Chapter 6

Chapter 7